Thursday, May 16, 2013

John Craig's Long Catechism: A New Translation - Chapter 5.2

An Introduction to the Life and Works of Scottish Reformer John Craig
John Craig's Long Catechism: A New Translation - Introduction
John Craig's Long Catechism: A New Translation - Chapter 1
John Craig's Long Catechism: A New Translation - Chapter 2
John Craig's Long Catechism: A New Translation - Chapter 3
John Craig's Long Catechism: A New Translation - Chapter 4.1
John Craig's Long Catechism: A New Translation - Chapter 4.2
John Craig's Long Catechism: A New Translation - Chapter 4.3
John Craig's Long Catechism: A New Translation - Chapter 5.1
John Craig's Long Catechism: A New Translation - Chapter 5.2

The Second part of God’s Honor is Obedience and 
Here the Law is Declared and How it Does Differ from the Gospel

Here is Chapter 5.1

The Form of Judgment

Q.    Why did He suffer under this form of judgment?
A.    To assure us the better in order to free us from God’s judgement.

Q.    But the judge Pilate did pronounce Him innocent did he not?
A.    That made greatly for our comfort.

Q.    What comfort do we gain by this?
A.    That He died not for His own sins but for ours.

Q.    But Pilate meant no such thing?       
A.    We look not at what he meant, but what God meants by His wicked judgment.

    The Cross

Q.    Why did He suffer on the cross?
A.    In order to assures us that He took our curse upon Himself.

Q.    What assurance do we have of this?
A.    That this kind of death was accursed of God.

Q.    Was he also cursed of God?
A.    No, but he sustained our curse.

Q.    Was He guilty before God?
A.    No, but He sustained the person of guilty of men.

Q.    What comfort do we have of this?
A.    He removed our curse and gave us His blessing.

Q.    In what part did He suffer?
A.    Both in body and in soul.

Q.    Why is that?
A.    Because we were lost both in body and in soul.

Q.    What did He suffer in His soul?
A.    The fearful wrath and angry face of God.

Q.    What pain was that?
A.    The grief of death and pain of hell.

Q.    How do know we that?
A.    By His praying, sweating, and strong crying with tears.

Q.    How did He sustain these pains?
A.    Through faith, patience, and prayer to His Father.

Q.    How do the damn sustain these pains in hell?
A.    With despair and continual blasphemy.

    The Pain of Hell

Q.    When did Christ descend to hell?
A.    When He sustained these fearful pains upon the cross.

Q.    Why did God punish one innocent man so grievously?
A.    Because He took upon Himself the burden of our sins.

Q.    Was God content with His satisfaction?
A.    No doubt for He of His mercy did appoint it.

Q.    Was His death also needful for our redemption?
A.    Otherwise the decrees and the figures had not been fulfilled.

    His Death, Burial, and Fruits

Q.    If He died for us then why do we still die?
A.    Our death is not now a punishment for our sins.

Q.    What other thing can it be?
A.    It is made (through His death), a ready passage to a better life.

Q.    What should we learn by all of these fearful pains?
A.    The terrible wrath of God for sin and how dear we are bought.

Q.    What comfort do we have by these sufferings of Christ?
A.    The faithful members of Christ shall never suffer them.

Q.    But we were oppressed with the cursed of the Law were we not?
A.    Christ took it upon Himself and gave us the blessing.

Q.    What special profit do we get by His death?
A.    It is a sufficient and everlasting sacrifice for our sins.

Q.    What does this sacrifice work perpectually?
A.    It removes all evil things and restores all good things

Q.    Is there any priest and sacrifice for sin now?
A.    None at all for Christ has satisfied once for all.

Q.    But yet in our nature there are many spots?
A.    Christ’s blood therefore perpetually washes them away.

Q.    The memories and tokens of our sins may assray us?
A.    All things were deleted in the cross of Christ.

Q.    But yet we find sin working in us.
A.    The death of Christ, however, does kill the tyranny of it.

Q.    It will always remains in us to the end.
A.    Through faith, however, it is not imputed to the members of Christ.

Q.    Why was He buried?
A.    To assure us the better of His death.

Q.    What does His burial work in us?
A.    A continual mortification of sin.   

    His Resurrection and Fruits

Q.    Why did he rise before us?
A.    To assure us of His victory over death for us.

Q.    What fruit do we get by His victory?
A.    We are brought in a sure hope of eternal life.

Q.    What other fruit do we get by it?
A.    It works newness of life in us here.

Q.    What other thing shall it do to us?
A.    It shall raise up our bodies again in the latter day.

    His Ascension

Q.    Why did He ascend into heaven before us?
A.    In order to take possession of our inheritance in our name.

Q.    But he said, “I shall be with you even unto the end of the age” (Matthew 28:20)
A.    He spoke that of His spiritual presence.

Q.    What does He there now for us?
A.    He makes continual intercession for us.

Q.    What kind of intercession is this?
A.    It is the continual mitigation of his Father’s wrath for us through the virtue of His death.

Q.    Is He our only intercessor and Mediator?
A.    No doubt seeing that He only died for us.

Q.    What does it mean that He is sitting at the right hand of God the Father?
A.    The power He has in heaven and on earth.

Q.    What comfort do we have by His power and authority?
A.    We are sure under His protection.

    His Coming Again

Q.    For what reason will He come again?
A.    To put a final end to our redemption.

Q.    What shall be that final end?
A.    Eternal joy or misery in every man.

Q.    Is not that done in every man’s death?
A.    No, for the bodies remain yet unrewarded.

Q.    Shall there not be a middle estate of men?
A.    No, but all shall be brought to these two ends.

Q.    Why is that seeing some are better and some are worse:
A.    All shall be judged evil who are not members of Christ.

Q.    But how can the quick be judged before they die?
A.    Their sudden change shall be in steid of death to them.

Q.    But all flesh should go to the dust again.
A.    It is done so ordinarily, but here is a special cause.

Q.    What comfort do we have of the person of the Judge?
A.    Our Savior, Advocate, and Mediator shall only be our Judge.

Q.    What should the Infidels confider here?
A.    Christ, whom they now contemn, shall be their Judge.

Q.    What should the meditation of this article work in us?
A.    The contempt of all worldly pleasures and a delight in heavenly things.

Q.    Who shall be sure in that day?
A.    All that are made here the members of Christ.

Q.    Who makes us members of Christ?
A.    Only God’s Holy Spirit who is working in our hearts.

For more on Craig, Scottish Theology, and Knox:
"The School of Faith" by Thomas F. Torrance: A Review
"Scottish Theology" by T. F. Torrance: A Review
"John Knox: An Introduction to His Life and Works" - A Review
"The Mighty Weakness of John Knox" by Douglas Bond: A Review
"John Knox & the Reformation" by M. Lloyd-Jones & Iain Murray: A Review
"John Knox" by Rosalind K. Marshall
Douglas Bond on the Legacy of John Knox

For more on Calvin and Calvinism:
"Foundations of Grace" by Steven Lawson: A Review
Was Calvin a Calvinist?  Helm Weighs In
Counterintuitive Calvinism: Tim Keller on Calvin's Institutes 

For more on the Reformation:
"The Reformation for Armchair Theologians" by Glenn S. Sunshine: A Review
The Theology of the Reformers  
The Unquenchable Flame  
"On the Necessity of Reforming the Church" by John Calvin
John Calvin:  A Heart for Devotion, Doctrine, & Doxology 
Christianity's Dangerous Idea
"Five Leading Reformers"     
 Was Calvin a Calvinist?  Helm Weighs In 
He Turned the Water Into Wine: MacArthur, Alcohol, & Christian Liberty
Theology Thursday | Calvin on the Redemptive Necessity of the Resurrection
Calvinist Baptists and the Many (False) Misconceptions
"Without the Gospel": A Gem From John Calvin
Calvin on God in Theology and the Christian Life
Calvin on Providence
Calvin on Treasures in Heaven
Calvin on Fasting
Calvin on Prayer: Why Bother?
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