Thursday, July 25, 2013

John Knox on the Threefold Office of Christ

The three offices of Christ - Prophet, Priest, and King - runs through Scripture. In his book Scottish Theology, T. F. Torrance quotes John Knox's confession about these offices which serve as a good summary of them:

The name Jesus, which signifies a Savior, was given unto him by the Angel, to assure us that it is he alone that saves his people from their sins. He is called Christ, that is to say, Anointed, by reason of the offices given unto him by God his Father; to whit, that he alone is appointed King, Priest, and Prophet.

King, in that all power is given unto him in heaven and earth; so that there is none other but he in heaven or earth, that has just authority and power to make laws to bind the consciousness of men; neither yet is there any other that may defend our souls from the bondage of sin, nor yet our bodies and the tyranny of man. And this he does by the power of his Word, by which he draws us out of the bondage and slavery of Satan, and makes us to reign over sin, while we live and serve our God in righteousness and holiness of our life.

A Priest, and that perpetual and everlasting, we confess him by reason that by the sacrifice of his own body, which he wants offered up upon the cross, he has fully satisfied the justice of his Father in our behalf; so that whosoever seeks any means besides his death and passion, in heaven or in earth, to reconcile them into God's favor, they do not only blaspheme, but also, so far as in them is, renounced the fruit and efficacy of that his only sacrifice.

We confess him to be the only Prophet, and has revealed unto us, the whole will of his Father in all things pertaining to our salvation
. (25, paragraph breaks added by me)

For more:
"Scottish Theology" by T. F. Torrance: A Review
A Nestorian Heresy?: John Knox & His Rejection of Particular Redemption
"John Knox: An Introduction to His Life and Works" - A Review
"The Mighty Weakness of John Knox" by Douglas Bond: A Review
"John Knox & the Reformation" by M. Lloyd-Jones & Iain Murray: A Review
"John Knox" by Rosalind K. Marshall
Douglas Bond on the Legacy of John Knox
"The School of Faith" by Thomas F. Torrance: A Review
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