Friday, May 9, 2014

David's Lord: Jesus on the Hyopstatic Union

I am currently preaching through the Gospel of Matthew on Sunday mornings and recent exegeted Matthew 22:41-46 where Jesus turns the tables on the religious elites and quiz them regarding the identity and nature of the Messiah. It is true that most Jews did not expect the Messiah to be divine in the way that Christians today consider Jesus to be divine. For those who deny the Person of Christ, they suggest that since the Jews were not expect a God-in-flesh Messiah, then Jesus was not divine and the doctrine of Christ deity was added much later. Others suggest that Jesus never claimed to be divine in the Synoptics, but in my study of Matthew 22:41-46, I beg to differ.
41 Now while the Pharisees were gathered together, Jesus asked them a question: 42 “What do you think about the Christ, whose son is He?” They *said to Him, “The son of David.” 43 He *said to them, “Then how does David in the Spirit call Him ‘Lord,’ saying,

44 The Lord said to my Lord,
Sit at My right hand,
Until I put Your enemies beneath Your feet”’?

45 If David then calls Him ‘Lord,’ how is He his son?” 46 No one was able to answer Him a word, nor did anyone dare from that day on to ask Him another question.
Jesus' main point is simple. The long-hoped for Jewish Messiah was rightly expected to be the son of (read "descendent of) David. Thus the Messiah will be a man. Yet Psalm 110:1 (which Jesus quotes above) adds another piece to the puzzle. Not only is the Messiah David's son, he is also David's Lord. Since David is King, there is no one above him. Therefore, the Messiah, David's son/Lord, is greater than David.

I believe this is a clear teaching, from Jesus Himself, of what theologians call the Hypostatic Union. Jesus is man as David's son. Jesus is God as David's Lord.

For more:
12 Proofs of Jesus' Deity From the Synoptic Gospels
"Christian Theology": Blogging Through Erickson - Christology 2
The God Who Became Man: Millard Erickson on the Implications of the Humanity of Christ 

Martin Luther on how John 1:1 Contradicts Modalism & Arianism
From Lewis' Pen: Either the Son of God or a Madman
We've All Heard This Before: "Zealot" and the Same Search For the Missing Jesus 

"For Us and Our Salvation" by Stephen Nichols: A Review
And yet this Jesus of Nazareth . . .
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