Thursday, July 17, 2014

All Around the Web - July 17, 2014

WORLD Magazine - Church of England votes to approve female bishops 
The Church of England’s General Synod voted today to allow female bishops, a move supported by it leader, Archbishop of Canterbury Justin Welby.

After the measure failed to pass two years ago, it sailed through the national assembly today with an overwhelming majority—351 members voted for it, 72 voted against, and 10 abstained.

The Church of England paved the way for the ordination of female priests in 1975, although the first was not ordained until the early 1990s. Welby said it would not take that long for the church to see its first female bishop. He expects to appoint the first one by next year. Women now make up one-third of the Church’s clergy. 

David Schrock - Typology: What It Is and Why We Need It
What Does Typology Do?

While is important to understand what a type is, it is equally important to understand what a type does. Like all God’s speech-acts, types do something. And here are three things that types do and why all Christians should be familiar with biblical typology.

First, typology unites the New Testament to the Old Testament, and vice versa.. Looking back on the Old Testament, John could see how the serpent lifted up in Numbers 21 foreshadowed Christ (see John 3:14-15), and Paul could read the story of Sarah and Hagar as written allegorically. (N.B. Paul didn’t interpret Genesis allegorically [like Augustine did]; he rightly recognized the typological intent of Genesis, mediated by the prophetic interpretation of Isaiah [see Isaiah 54]). Therefore, coupled with Christ’s own method of interpretation, the apostles had every reason to believe that God orchestrated history to foreshadow Christ. Just as the prophets were inspired by the Spirit to write of Christ’s sufferings and subsequent glories (1 Pet 1:10–12), so God orchestrated biblical types—persons, events, and institutions whose full meaning couldn’t be ascertained until the coming of Christ.

Second, typology identifies who Jesus is. For the Apostles typology became a predominant way to explain the Messiah’s identity. Birthed in Jewish soil, when the apostles spoke of Christ as prophet, priest, and king, they intended to connect him with Moses (Deut 18:18; Acts 3:22–26), Melchizedek (Genesis 14; Psalm 110; Hebrews 5 –7), and David (Psalm 2; Matt 1:1; Rom 1:4), respectively. Likewise, when John says that Jesus is the Lamb of God who takes away the sin of the world (John 1:29), typology is at work to explain Jesus’ identity. Just the same, any faithful Christology must rightly apply the types and shadows to Jesus.

Third, typology reveals the wisdom of God’s progressive revelation. As one unified story of salvation, the Bible reveals a systems of types and shadows that range from Adam to the Last Adam, from the Garden of Eden located on the mountain of God to holy Mount Zion which becomes a Garden-City. In the center of it all is Jesus Christ. As God’s final and full revelation (Heb 1:1–2) and the One who unifies heaven and earth and thereine (Eph 1:10), it is not surprising that God would create the world, history, and the Bible to reflect his Son and progressively reveal the One whose Word holds together all things.

Pastors Today - What Effective Pastors Do With Their Time
  • Pastors of effective churches sleep slightly over six hours per day. Pastors of comparison churches sleep almost eight hours per day.
  • Pastors of effective churches spend twenty-two hours in sermon preparation each week versus four hours for pastors of comparison churches.
  • The effective church leaders spent ten hours each week in pastoral care compared to thirty-three hours for the comparison group pastors. Pastoral care included counseling, hospital visits, weddings, and funerals.
  • Effective church leaders average five hours per week in sharing the gospel with others. Most of the comparison church pastors entered “0” for their weekly time in personal evangelism.
  • Comparison church leaders spend eight hours a week – more than an hour each day – performing custodial duties at the church. The typical custodial duties included opening and closing the facilities, turning on and off the lights, and general cleaning of the building.
  • Leaders of effective churches average 22 hours a week in family activities. The comparison church leaders weren’t too far behind with 18 hours of family time each week.

Bill Mounce - Mounce Archive 1 — How Do We Know What Greek and Hebrew Words Mean?
Everyone needs a sabbatical once in a while, and Bill Mounce is taking one from this blog until September. Meanwhile, we’ve hand-picked some of our favorite and most popular posts for your summer reading and Greek-studying pleasure.

Here’s the first in the series, a post so elemental that it almost never occurred to Mounce to write it:

How do we know what Greek and Hebrew words mean?

Read an excerpt below of how he answered the question, and then go read the full post to better understand how Bible scholars and interested Christians alike can know what the Bible's original words mean.

Hollywood Reporter - World Cup Ratings: 26.5 Million U.S. Viewers Watch Final Match Across Networks
The full global tally is still a ways off, but the World Cup finished strong with U.S. viewers.

Capping off a record-breaking run for the FIFA tournament's 2014 stay in Brazil, Sunday's final between Germany and Argentina averaged 17.3 million viewers on ABC. Compared to the network's total for the 2010 final in South Africa, the match was up 1.8 million viewers.

ABC, carrying ESPN's coverage, was not the only network to air the game. Univision's Spanish-language coverage also boasted a considerable showing with 9.2 million viewers. That's up a shade from the 2010 final.

My alma mater:

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